Melatonin has been widely used to ease insomnia. It also protects the cells in our body from harmful free radicals, boosts our immune system, prevents the development of certain cancers, and helps extend life longevity.

Melatonin is a hormone secreted by the pineal gland in the brain, which helps in regulating other hormones and maintains the body’s circadian rhythm (body clock). This rhythm is an internal 24-hour clock critical to our body’s sleeping and waking state.

In a darkened environment, our body produces more melatonin; melatonin production drops with increased light. Exposure to bright light in the evening or too little light during the day may disrupt the normal melatonin cycles of the body.

Melatonin is used for:

  • Short-term treatment of sleep problems such as insomnia
  • Relief for jet lag
  • Cluster headaches
  • Reducing anxiety before surgery
  • Decreasing symptoms of smoking withdrawal
  • Improving effectiveness of cancer medications
  • Decreasing sunburn
  • Adjusting sleep schedule in people who do shift work (especially those working graveyard shift)
  • Menopause
  • Benzodiazepine withdrawal
  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • Epilepsy
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

Contraindiction: Melatonin should not be used by patients who have autoimmune diseases.

Dosage
1 mg to 5mg – safe and sufficient
Melatonin comes in tablets, sublingual tablets and liquid form.


For adults:

  • Insomnia – 1mg to 3 mg, one hour before bed
  • Jet lag– 1mg to 5mg , one hour before bed two days before departure, and two to three days upon arrival at your destination
  • Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) – 0.25 to 5mg daily
  • Sleep enhancement – 0.1 to 6mg, 30 to 60 minutes before bed.
  • For prevention and treatment of lowered clot-forming cells (thrombocytopenia) associated with cancer chemotherapy: 20 mg each evening

For children:

  • Preoperative anxiety – 0.1, 0.25 or 0.5 mg per kilogram of body weight
  • Seizure disorder in children – five to 10 mg every night
  • Sleep disturbance in children suffering from neuro pyschiatric disorders: (autism, mental retardation and other psychiatric disorders ) – 0.5 mg to 10 mg every night

Important to note:

  • Product is taken by mouth, with or without food in the stomach.
  • Melatonin is not to be used by pregnant women.
  • If overdosed is suspected, immediately seek medical help.

Possible side effects

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Shaking
  • Nausea
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Increased nightmares